European Shorthair History history
The origin of the European domesticated cat is still veiled in obscurity. It is often presumed to be directly descendent from the egyptian domestic, which supposedly, was brought to Greece as early as 500 BCE. If this was the actual situation, the cat must have spread very rapidly towards the north since it already existed in mid Sweden during the Time of the Great Migration (370-600 CE).
Judging from early reproductions from several earlier ages as well as the later Middle Ages, the body type of the european domestic was already sturdier than the Egyptian cat.
In 1946 it became possible to register swedish shorthaired cats. At first under the name of "swedish housecat" which was later converted to European Shorthair. Unfortunately, the early Europeans were judged by the standard of the British Shorthair. This was a great disadvantage since many typical Europeans failed due to some detail, often the eyecolour, not beeing in accordance with the British Shorthair standard.
In 1981 FIFe finally ruled that the two breeds should be judged by separate standards and thereby acknowledged the European Shorthair.